Because of the nature of animal feeding operations, large quantities of manure are produced and stored in litter storage stacks, pits, lagoons and other storage devices. When stored and applied properly, this manure is a beneficial resource for farmers and the environment, adding nutrients to the soil and reducing the need for fuel and other natural resources required for the production of commercial fertilizer.
If handled improperly, manure can have detrimental effects on the surrounding soil and surface water. To protect water quality, federal and state rules require that all animal feeding operations be designed as zero discharge facilities. Facility design standards require farms to collect and land apply all manure and process wastewater in order to avoid discharging to waters of the state of Indiana.
The Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM) administers the permit program for Confined Feeding Operations, which are defined as any operation which meets one of the following.
- Confined feeding of at least:
- 300 cattle
- 600 swine or sheet
- 30,000 poultry
- Animal feeding operation electing to be subject to the law; or
- Animal feeding operation that causes a violation of:
- Water pollution control laws
- Any rules of the water pollution control board
How the District can help
The Daviess County SWCD offers help to producers in understanding and complying with IDEM rules in order to protect land and water quality.
The SWCD can provide producers technical assistance to prepare their permit applications, assistance prior to inspections, permit approval renewals, waste storage, staging of solid manure, etc. The SWCD can also act as a liaison between the producer and the Indiana Department of Environmental Management if problems arise.
Applying for and maintaining a permit requires paperwork, from the application process to continuous recordkeeping. The SWCD works with producers to develop all facets of permitting paperwork and can assist in the organization of required recordkeeping. Services provided by the district include farmstead plans and plot maps, soil maps, manure management plans, and much more.
It is always better to be proactive with permits. The district encourages Daviess County producers to contact their SWCD with any doubts or questions that they may have about their permits, even if it is just to double-check that paperwork is in place.
Please feel free to contact the SWCD's Livestock & Conservation Technician, Ryan Harner, 812-254-4780 ext. 3244
Sample Farmstead Plan: